Six Apart: Love at First BlogBy Joshua Weinberger Print
Ben Trott listened to his wife, and the result was Movable Type, tailored for creating online journals.In 2001, Mena Trott couldn't find any software she liked to use for her online journal. She complained to her husband, Ben, that the available tools didn't offer enough control over comments or archiving, for instance.
So Ben, a software developer, built a program that gave Mena everything she was looking for. The result is now one of the most popular Weblogging tools around.
The high-school sweethearts started offering Movable Type as a download off the Web in October 2001. MT quickly built a sizable following, with 750,000 downloads of the product to date. In 2002 the couple went into business for themselves. They called their company Six Apart, the number of days separating their birthdays.
The software was free for individuals, making it popular. But early users also liked that Movable Type resided on their machines, rather than on a vendor's server. They could access the underlying code and tweak the program at will.
The result: Fans of the software have crafted hundreds of popular Movable Type add-on features. One example is "MT Blacklist," which blocks out comments from unapproved visitors.
"We want to give the average user [the ability to do] things they didn't think they could do," says Mena Trott. "Because I'm a Weblogger myself, that's what drove our plans."
Now, companies and organizationsfrom publishers Advance Communications and Primedia to many of the presidential-campaign Web sites, including Dean for America and Bush/Cheney '04also have embraced the product, plunking down $150 for a commercial license.
Choire Sicha, who runs the pop-culture blog Gawker, says MT can even be too complex for individual bloggers. "For most blogs, using MT is sort of like using a nuclear bomb to clean your closet," he says. For Movable Type blogs to look and act in any kind of sophisticated wayincorporating multiple images and unique layouts, for exampleusers need to craft complex programming scripts and be familiar with a Web-layout format known as Cascading Style Sheets. "MT requires more customization than most people have the time or skills for," Sicha says.
But MT also may not be ready for really high-volume use. At the Web site for Gen. Wesley Clark's presidential campaign, for example, the original blog was built in September on Movable Type. But just two months later, Cameron Barrett, the campaign's head blogger, says he's phasing out MT. "Our community-management and blog-management needs too quickly outgrew [Movable Type's] functionality," he says. "It did not scale to our needs. We're approaching 1,500-2,000 comments per day."
Movable Type simply lists comments as they're posted. It wasn't designed to handle multiple discussion threads among readersa feature many bloggers now want. In practice, Barrett says, posted comments on MT became "more like an endless AOL chat room transcript than a categorized and civil discussion."
Ben Trott says that Six Apart has plans to "improve the community experience on larger-scale sites."
For bloggers who don't want to manage the software on their own computers, the company in October rolled out a hosted service based on Movable Type called TypePad, for which it charges between $5 and $15 a month, depending on services selected. TypePad Basic offers users a raft of features, including easy-to-use templates for setting up blogs, and the ability to create and maintain photo albums or lists of links. Higher levels of service allow bloggers the ability to post from wireless devices and to schedule posts days in advance.
Mena Trott says the company expects to have 10,000 TypePad users by the end of the year. The company also has been working on a more robust version of MT for professional bloggers, Movable Type Pro. The product is designed to offer most of the new TypePad features, but with a better work sequence and more features for managing authors of posts.
Unfortunately, the development of TypePad delayed the scheduled release of Movable Type Pro, delivery of whichoriginally announced in February 2003has been pushed back to early 2004.
Six Apart has taken steps to avoid such choices in the future. Additional financing has been raised and new investors include Web visionary Joi Ito and some of the founders behind electronic-payment powerhouse PayPal, social-networking community LinkedIn and wireless Internet-access pioneer OmniSky.
"We feel like a real company now," Mena Trott says.
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