Savings Through RecyclingBy Kevin Fogarty | Posted 2004-05-06 Email Print
The Athens Games will reuse technology infrastructure from the Salt Lake City Winter Games in an effort to cut costs.After Athens, however, the IOC will have a full-size technology kit in place and should be able to show some savings through recycling. If Verveer's cost estimates are correct, after two of the four Olympics for which it is contracted, systems integrator Atos Origin should hit its budget goals: It will have spent $670 million and still have $530 millionor 44%left of the $1.2 billion it budgeted for all four Games.
That should be OK if the IOC is able to keep the Games from growing any larger than they were in Sydney, which is Rogge's goal. The number of accredited participantswhich is probably the best indicator of the demand on services at the Gamesgrew 54% between 1988 and 2000, from 130,000 to 200,000. The IOC is trying to hold that number steady for 2004.
"We can't promise to reduce the cost of the technology, because the Games keep getting bigger, but we can slow its growth," Verveer says.
Reinventing the wheel the way Olympic organizations have been doing sounds like the kind of inefficiency global corporations would never tolerate, but in fact it's more the rule than the exception in decentralized companies with many business units, according to Chris Curran, managing partner for technology strategy and architecture for DiamondCluster International, a management-consulting firm.
Not that all of the Athens Olympics will match node-for-node with the 2002 version. For one thing, Athens will require twice as many servers (900, mostly from Sun) and PCs (10,500, mostly from Dell) as the Salt Lake City Games needed. Most of the carryovers will be updated, however, and slotted into similar roles. The custom-designed software is a straight carryover, however, as are the data-network designs and other designs, as well as the critical timekeeping and scoring systems.
The main application set is called the Games Management System (GMS), which was written specifically for the Salt Lake City Games by European systems integrator Sema, which had the Olympic technology contract at the time. The software automates the scheduling of events, transport schedules for athletes and volunteers, and accreditation for the 200,000-plus "actors" of the Olympicsmedia, VIPs, volunteers and staff of various contractors. A separate application, the Information Diffusion System (IDS), collects the scores and times and disseminates them to the media and various Web sites.
IDS runs on Solaris servers with an Oracle database. GMS runs on Windows servers and SQL Server databases, according to Claude Philipps, chief technology integrator for the Athens Games.
The systems that manage the Games and keep results get priority over other applications such as accounting or human-resources software. "The success of the Games is very visible. So what is important is to be perfect in what is visible," says Verveer. "It is much more important to have the timing [systems] perfect than if there is a bug in the accounting systems."
To see true cost benefits, Verveer says the knowledge about how to build and maintain the software, security measures and data also have to be recycled. Indeed, the IOC built such a knowledge transfer into the contract it signed with Sema. Good thing, too, because Sema was acquired by Schlumberger in 2001, to form SchlumbergerSema, whose information systems business was then acquired by Paris-based Atos Origin last year.
"One of the things we do is move key people from Games to Games," says Philipps, who has worked for Sema, SchlumbergerSema and now Atos Origin. "We also have the full process of knowledge capture using Web tools and document-management tools to let us share processes and procedures worldwide."